Monday, August 24, 2020

Titration Research Paper Free Essays

string(133) 50 ml of volume this permitted enough volume of NaOH(aq) to be titrated, since the specific volume to kill the corrosive was unknown. Quantitative Chemistry â€Titration Determination of the Molarity of an Unknown Solution through Acid-Base Titration Technique 1. Presentation 1. 1 Aim The point of this examination was to decide the exact molarity of two (NaOH(aq)) sodium hydroxide arrangements created toward the start of the test through the corrosive base titration procedure. We will compose a custom article test on Titration Research Paper or then again any comparable subject just for you Request Now 1. 2 Theoretical Background Titration is a technique ordinarily utilized in research facility examinations to complete substance investigation. The most regular synthetic examination performed through titration is while deciding the specific centralization of an answer of obscure molarity. This strategy is typically utilized in redox and corrosive base responses. Redox response is when decrease †lost of oxygen †of one of the substances present in a response happens and along these lines oxidation †addition of oxygen †of the second substance in a similar response happens. Then again, corrosive base response is the point at which an answer of known molarity2 and volume present in a cone shaped cup is titrated against an answer of obscure molarity in a burette until balance is reached. As I have appeared in eq. 1, in this examination it was a corrosive responding with a base, henceforth, a corrosive base titration. q. 1 †Hydrochloric Acid + Sodium hydroxide Sodium Chloride + water HCl(aq) + NaOH(aq) NaCl(aq) + H2O(l) In this examination the last response was completed, having hydrochloric corrosive (HCl(aq)) as the analyte in the cone shaped cup and sodium hydroxide (NaOH(aq)) as the titrant in the burette. The analyte was likewise assigned as the standard arrangement of the examination, since it has known estimations of volume and fixation, the figures that permitted the molarity of the titrant to be determined. In a corrosive base titration, the titrant in the burette is bit by bit added to the analyte in the tapered jar until balance occurs, along these lines, the response arrives at fulfillment. At the point when balance happens the substances present toward the end point are stoichiometrically identical, at the end of the day, the estimation of moles of NaOH(aq) present toward the finish of the response is comparable to the estimation of moles of HCl(aq) in a similar arrangement as appeared on eq. 2 beneath. eq. 2 †HCl(aq) + NaOH(aq) NaCl(aq) + H2O(l) 1 : 1 The end purpose of a titration response can be gotten through two significant strategies. Right off the bat is by utilizing a pH meter which works by acquainting anodes with the cup containing the standard arrangement. Once in the conelike jar, these terminals would quantify the H+ particles present in the funnel shaped cup since they change as the titrant in included, until balance occurs, accordingly, deciding the pH of the arrangement. Realizing that balance happens when the pH of the arrangement is equivalent to 7, thus, toward the end point the pH meter will understand 7. The subsequent strategy would utilize a shading marker this could be paper or in fluid structure. In a corrosive base titration it is advantageous to utilize a marker in fluid. For example, phenolphthalein is an intermittent pointer in this sort of response which is lackluster in an acidic arrangement and turns pink when in an essential arrangement. This marker works by including a couple of drops into the cone shaped carafe containing the acidic analyte and titrate the essential titrant drop-wise until shade of the arrangement framed in the tapered jar changes to pink. Taking everything into account, the shading marker was utilized in this test since it is the most open technique to gauge the end purpose of a corrosive base titration. The motivation behind this examination was to decide the obscure molarity of NaOH(aq) from corrosive base titration. The readiness of NaOH(aq) was finished by the understudies playing out this examination. The understudies were dispensed mass of NaOH(s) that was weakened in water and henceforth got the arrangement NaOH(aq), for this situation the titrant. Be that as it may, the analyte was not delivered by the understudy however given. In this way, after the titration was proceeded as clarified on the past sections, the information expected to figure the molarity of NaOH(aq) was acquired. 1. 3 Preliminary estimations 1. 3. 1 The principal significant incentive to be gotten from the examination was the volume of NaOH(aq) utilized. This was finished by the accompanying condition: eq. 3 †for first arrangement delivered Average volume of second preliminary †volume of first trial2= V1 eq. 4 †for second arrangement delivered Average volume of second preliminary †volume of first trial2= V2 1. 3. The following stage while deciding the molarity of NaOH(aq) was to figure the moles of HCl(aq) by utilizing the volume HCl(aq) gave on the lab contents and the molarity acquired from the jug of HCl(aq) utilized during the examination. The eq. 5 and eq. 6 beneath was utilized to compute: eq. 5 †moles1 = V1 (dm3) ? molarity (M) eq. 6 †moles2 = V2 (dm3) ? molarity (M) 1. 3. 3 The third significant condit ion, for the two arrangements, important are the quantity of moles of NaOH(aq) present in the response. This was acquired by utilizing proportion of the moles of NaOH(aq) : HCl(aq) utilized during the examination. This can be reviewed by eq. 2 eq. 2 †HCl(aq) + NaOH(aq) NaCl(aq) + H2O(l) 1 : 1. 3. 4 Hence, moles of the two arrangements of NaOH(aq) will be equivalent to the quantity of moles of HCl(aq) since the mole proportion is 1:1. That is for each one mole of HCl(aq) responded, one mole of NaOH(aq) would have responded with to kill the corrosive. Thus, the accompanying condition will be utilized: eq. 7 †moles of HCl(aq)= NaOH(aq) 1. 3. 5 Lastly, the condition of the molarity of NaOH(aq): eq. 8 †Molarity for arrangement 1 =moles1volume1 q. 9 †Molarity for arrangement 1 =moles1volume1 2. Examination 2. 1 Apparatus Due to the idea of the examination specialized and exact lab mechanical assembly were utilized to guarantee best precision in results. For example, so as to quantify the corrosive, a pipette of precisely 20ml was utilized. This was exceptionally valuable since it helped in reducing the opportunity of estimating either pretty much of corrosive required for the exa mination. Also, the burette used to titrate the NaOH(aq) had 50 ml of volume this permitted enough volume of NaOH(aq) to be titrated, since the specific volume to kill the corrosive was obscure. You read Titration Research Paper in classification Exposition models Another exact device was the attractive stirrer. Being attractive and electric it permitted the arrangement in the carafe to be blended consistently and enthusiastically and consequently permit the specific volume of corrosive to be acquired. The different mechanical assembly that were additionally utilized in this analysis were simply the arrangements †titrant and analyte †themselves. The sodium hydroxide was given in pellets though the hydrochloric corrosive was given in fluid structure the molarity of 1M. Additionally, volumetric carafes of volume of 100ml were likewise given. This were utilized to create the NaOH(aq) arrangements, thus the explanation behind permitting 100ml of NaOH(aq) to be delivered. In its turn, funnel shaped flagons of 250 ml of volume were likewise given. As referenced on the early on passages, the analyte is kept in the cone shaped flagon. For this situation, a volume of 250 ml was permitted to have the corrosive and the titrated base giving enough space for the answer for be shaped. In conclusion, phenolphthalein pointer was given together it a couple of gloves to stay away from unplanned stain on students’ hands. The mechanical assembly setting is appeared underneath in fig. 1. fig. 1 †outline of contraption utilized in the examination 2. 2 Safety as far as wellbeing, the examination included exceptionally solid arrangements. For example, the sodium hydroxide pellets, in spite of the fact that they were in strong structure, in the wake of dissolving in water it could cause serious consumes whenever put in direct contact with skin or eyes. Thus, as a pre-preventative measure a few gloves just as goggles were given to understudies. It was critical to bring up that if in the event of mishap in eyes, swallow or skin reach it ought to be flushed vivaciously in copious water and look for clinical consideration. Concerning the hydrochloric corrosive, it was an exceptionally acidic arrangement that whenever gulped it would be extremely destructive. Correspondingly to sodium hydroxide it could cause serious consumes if in contact with eyes or skin. For avoidance of any mishap, sterile garments, goggles and gloves were given. Be that as it may, if there should be an occurrence of mishap, clinical guidance must be promptly given to understudy. 2. 3 Procedure This trial, it included two unique arrangements of NaOH(aq), consequently, it was permitted to understudies to work two by two so as to spare time, since just 3 hours were permitted to perform examination. The initial segment of the examination was to plan two NaOH(aq) arrangements. Henceforth, every understudy was distributed a mass of NaOH(s) to quantify. In this examination performed, 2g and 5g of NaOH(s) pellets were intended to be weight utilizing a 2 decimal spot weight balance. In any case, since generally huge pellets were given and not powder, it made impractical to gauge the specific mass proposed, rather, 2. 07g and 5. 19g were gauged. Subsequent to weighting the majority of NaOH(s), the pellets weighting 2. 07g and 5. 19g each mass was placed in a different 250ml volumetric carafe, water was added to the cup and afterward shook so as to let the pellets break down to for an answer An and arrangement B of NaOH(aq) individually. Furthermore, the contraption appeared in fig. was as appeared in the figure. Thirdly, 20ml of HCl(aq) was estimated as precise as conceivable by utilizing a pipette if 20 ml of volume. This HCl(aq) estimated was placed in a 250ml tapered jar. Subsequent to setting up the corrosive, for this situation, the analyte, 7 drops of phenolphthalein marker was added to the funnel shaped jar where the analyte was included. The cone shaped jar was plac

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Rishi free essay sample

Cooperation has consistently come effectively to me in light of the fact that the individuals around me regularly choose to name me the pioneer. Nonetheless, my life changed the mid year of my sophomore year, and this exterior got slanted as I got to know this present reality of cooperation in the midst of another alpha male mind boggling as solid and requesting as my own. The late spring of my sophomore year, I went to a mechanical autonomy camp that the University of Texas at Arlington facilitated in light of my enthusiasm for designing. The camp tested us by giving us the assignment of building and coding a robot that could effectively move autonomously, get load, and move it to a sheltered region. I despite everything recollect the chilly, ungainly gazes as I went into the room on the primary day. Other than the informal IDs that we had to wear, I felt stripped. Defenseless. The ungainly strain settled over the room after the initial forty-five minutes or something like that, yet there could never be any reassurance for those initial couple of seconds of â€Å"Hi, I’m. We will compose a custom article test on Rishi or on the other hand any comparative point explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page .† and â€Å"Where are you from?† Because of our aggregate ungainly nearness, the instructors matched us up aimlessly trying to drive companionships. They banded together me with Rishi Jariwala, an apparently typical and innocuous kid about my age. He remained at around five foot eight, profound set eyes, and sure stance. His knowledge and his certainty emanated off of him in an unavoidable manner, and in view of these unmistakable highlights, Rishi expected initiative. We at first worked very well together regardless of our essential contrasts. For instance, Rishi rehearsed Hinduism, while I had no strict connection. Rishi favored bestowing his strength and presumption rather than my deferential lack of involvement, and this wound up causing a plenty of issues not far off. The measure of Rishi and I started to take a shot at building and coding the robot, however we chose to first divvy up the work so as to amplify work effectiveness. Building has never been one of my solid suits, while it had consistently fallen into place without a hitch for Rishi, And on the other side, coding has never come effectively to Rishi, while it has consistently been a characteristic thing for me. Rishi and I concluded that limits accompany this division of work, and we consented to permit the other to do their job.However, Rishi started to gradually exceed these limits, and he in the end endeavored to lay hold of the whole undertaking all alone. Rishi’s endeavor at a one-man rebellion set a ton of issues that he had with me on the table. He censured me for the majority of our group’s inadequacies, and I possessed halfway duty. A few issues originated from my ineptitude to do certain things, however I generally put forth a valiant effort to address these. My issue lie not in the way that I was unable to do certain things certain ways yet rather in the redemption of the message. Discretion fell into the classification of things that Rishi couldn't have cared less about. The progress from surreptitious killjoy to terrible lack of regard stunned me as a result of the fast acceleration of Rishi’s strength. He went from dropping unpretentious traces of abhorrence to straightforwardly accusing my â€Å"white, rural childhood† for my â€Å"stupendous idiocy.† This baseless disdain troubled and disappointed me, and it made endeavoring to deal with the circumstance extremely troublesome. The veins in my mind needed to detonate. The arrival of my pressure was inconceivable on the grounds that Rishi would not see my side of things, yet I went after for my own rational soundness. In the event that lone difficult would do the trick. The undertaking fizzled. This experience made me fully aware of the befuddling idea of the world, I despite everything contemplate what I did to make Rishi so annoyed with me. In spite of the fact that the camp had an underlying negative impact on me, it wound up changing the scene of how I think and feel to improve things. I presently have the right stuff important to deal with individuals who have an inclination of abhorrence towards me, and this ability causes me in my regular day to day existence. I currently value those whom I do concur with, and I likewise now have a freshly discovered tolerance for those whom I don't concur with due to my shelling that originated from Rishi’s brutal force.

Wednesday, July 22, 2020

Research Paper Outline Examples For Research Papers

Research Paper Outline Examples For Research PapersResearch paper outline examples for research papers are very useful. This is a requirement by most universities because it helps them improve the quality of their work. It is quite true that you cannot do your own research work without an outline.You have to write a research paper, especially a thesis, with an outline. The outline should not be more than a few pages long and should clearly state the main point of the paper. This will help you to finish the whole project without any delay.Since you cannot read it in full, you can use the outline examples for research papers to find out the main points which you can use. You can also go through the examples for research papers and follow the outline to the letter. However, you should remember that you do not have to write exactly like the examples. You can modify them as per your need.These research paper outline examples for research papers are prepared to help you when you are writin g a thesis or the outline for a dissertation. You will find that they will help you write an outline which is thorough and also can be easily understood by the readers. You can find several resources on the internet on how to prepare an outline. However, you can customize them according to your needs.To start with the outline examples for research papers, you should know the difference between the thesis statement and the body of the paper. The thesis statement is the central point and the real content of the paper while the body includes the main statements and arguments. The examples for research papers include the type of content that should be included in the body of the paper. It may vary from one type of paper to another.While searching the outline examples for research papers, you should ensure that the examples are easy to understand and can help you plan the whole thesis project well. It is quite true that a thesis will be a requirement before you get into the academic worl d. So, you have to be able to write a thesis that is well researched and can be understandable by the readers. The examples should also make it possible for you to write a thesis which can pass the exams.There are several types of examples available for different types of research papers. For example, you can find examples for general research paper which can be used to write a thesis or a research paper outline. You can also find examples for a business report which can be used to write a business report or research paper outline.In order to prepare the outline examples for research papers, you should first start by finding out the main purpose of the paper. This will help you prepare an outline. Once you have prepared the outline, you should go through the examples for research papers and see what they can do for you.

Friday, May 22, 2020

The Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe - 1968 Words

Even before the medical field of psychology was recognized, American writer Edgar Allan Poe shone a spotlight on some of the complicated mechanisms of the human brain in his works. Living a troubled life himself, Poe has a keen understanding of the complexities of the human brain and their effects on thoughts, feelings, and behavior. At first glance, Poe’s writing usually tends to creates a dark and gloomy atmosphere, one that immediately foreshadows doom for the protagonist. Poe’s understanding of the human mind and the elements of psychology are clearly marked in stories such as â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado.† In Poe’s stories, he presents complex characters who become susceptible to the diverse forces of the mind such as reverse psychology, guilt, superstition, perversity, revenge, and schizophrenia. First published in 1846, â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado† is an instance of Poe combining psychological elements of two distinct characters. In  "The Cask of Amontillado,† Montresor’s brilliant use of reverse psychology, and his perversity and guilt are what forms him as an unbalanced, psychologically driven character. It is quite possible that â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado† was inspired by a story Poe heard at Castle Island when he was a private in the army. There, Poe saw a monument to Lieutenant Massie, who, legend has it, was killed by Lieutenant Drane following a dispute during a card game. The other soldiers then avenged Drane for this by getting him drunk, luring him into a dungeon,Show MoreRelatedThe Cask of Amontillado by Edgar Allan Poe888 Words   |  4 PagesThe Cask of Amontillado by Edgar Allan Poe In ?The Cask of Amontillado?, Edgar Allan Poe takes us on a trip into the mind of a mad man. Poe uses certain elements to convey an emotional impact. He utilizes irony, descriptive detail of setting, and dark character traits to create the search of sinful deceit. Poe also uses first person, where the narrator is the protagonist who is deeply involved. The purpose is to get the reader to no longer be the observer. He wants them to see with MontressorRead MoreThe Cask of Amontillado by Edgar Allan Poe836 Words   |  3 Pagesqualities in the story. In the story many things are used as symbols such as the actual cask of amontillado, the trowel, the jester costume and the setting in which there is two in the story. Another literary technique used significantly in the story is irony. Irony is the expression of ones meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite. In the short story â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado,† Montresor a very troubled man who plans to seek revenge on another man named FortunatoRead MoreEdgar Allan Poe And The Cask Of Amontillado1384 Words   |  6 PagesWhat makes Edgar Allan Poe work unique? Other than being a strange individual, Poe has become a remarkable literature writer. The Raven, Annabel Lee, and The Cask of Amontillado are just a few of Poe’s work that staples the theme of gothic literature. This essay will allow you to see the gothic elements Edgar Allan Poe uses through his most common poems. Gothic literature has many elements which play into its definition. The actual definition is a style of writing that is characterized by elementsRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe906 Words   |  4 Pages â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado† â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado† was written in 1846, by Edgar Allan Poe. Born in 1809, Poe never knew any of his parents. At the age of three, his mother died of tuberculosis, and his father deserted the family before he was born. Taking care of him was his foster parents in Richmond, Virginia. They loved Poe, but were not supportive of his decisions and kept Poe poor. Having debt and not being able to provide food and clothes for himself caused Poe to quit school. Later, heRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe920 Words   |  4 Pageswhen that trust no longer exists? In â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado† written by Edgar Allan Poe, Fortunato is about to find the answer to this question. On the surface, Montresor seems friendly with Fortunato, but deep down he feels nothing but hate for him. Could this hatred have an irrationality that only Montresor understands? In different ways, both of these men are proud and affluent, yet both have downfalls that will l ead to a tragic ending. Edgar Allan Poe’s use of language contributes to the understandingRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe1555 Words   |  7 PagesIn his writing, Edgar Allan Poe has multiple uses of direct and indirect characterization. In The Cask of Amontillado, Montresor had rules such as â€Å"I must not only punish but punish with impunity. A wrong is unredressed when retribution overtakes its redresser. It is equally unredressed when the avenger fails to make himself felt as such to him who has done the wrong† (Poe, 2). Poe used indirect characterization to show the reader that Montresor is an unreliable narrator because he justified hisRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe1303 Words   |  6 PagesIn Edgar Allan Poe’s â€Å"The Cask of Amontillado,† the narrator recalls an extremely significant time in his life, and takes the reader along with him. Throughout the story, one experiences a perfectly planned murder which took place over fifty years ago, and still no one has discovered what truly happened to poor Fortunato as he was chained to a wall in a room that was then closed off, and torched to death due to all the nitre in the walls. As the story goes on, the reader can see some of Poe’s unfortunateRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe1076 Words   |  5 PagesThe short story, The Cask of Amontillado, written by Edgar Allan Poe is a story of terror and betrayal. Like many of Poe’s literary works, the story has a dark undertone with a theme of terror and depression. More than half a century ago, Marshall McLuhan argued that though Poe was fascinated by evil, the evil that he had in mind was not that of Calvinism, but that of the split man and the split civilization. In general, McLuhan was right, but in this instance Calvinism, and its God, provided a darkRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe707 Words   |  3 PagesIn the short story of The Ca sk of Amontillado, Edgar Allan Poe writes in first person point of view from the perspective of Montresor who seeks revenge against Fortunato. Montresor began to develop the perfect plan for revenge. During the carnival season, Montresor meets with Fortunato and decides to implement his plan carefully through irony. Poe s story describes the murderer s mind which has lived as a memory of Fortunato s death for fifty years. Poe uses different types of irony and symbolismRead MoreThe Cask Of Amontillado By Edgar Allan Poe985 Words   |  4 PagesEdgar Allen Poe is a well known author of short stories and poetry from the 19th century. He is known especially for his stories of horror and suspense. The Cask of Amontillado is one of his more famous pieces. The story follows the narrator, Montresor, as he exacts revenge on Fortunato. Montressor draws Fortunato into the wine cellar where eventually he chains Fortunato to the wall and encloses him inside it. Throughout the story the narrator continually proves that he is not the most reliable source

Thursday, May 7, 2020

The American Dream is Built on Family Bonds Essay

The American Dream is a concept that is essentially older than the United States, dating back to the seventeenth century. It was then when people began to come up with hopes and aspirations for the newly discovered, unexplored continent. The â€Å"American Dream† is in essence the idea in that puts forward the notion that all people can succeed through hard work, that all people have the right to the pursuit of happiness, and be successful. The definition of the American Dream has been expanded upon and redefined over time. The concept of the American Dream has always been debated and put under criticism. There are many that believe the structure of American Society belies the idealistic goal of the American Dream. It points out examples of†¦show more content†¦But even the strongest economies struggle sometimes. It is because of this economic rollercoaster our country has been experiencing for the past decade that this beautiful, iridescent, silver Dream of ours has taken on a bit of tarnish .Our current generation faces mass unemployment, the levels of which have not been seen in decades, our generation of young adults faces record levels of employability as well as overwhelming college debt. However, we must remember an important fact: our generation of American faces the same wall of hopelessness that stood before those who lived through the Great Depression – and they overcame it. What we can take from them, is that we can succeed if we accept the simple fact that we must do what must be done, even if it isn’t desirable. If we graduate with a degree in fashion marketing and fail to secure employment, we work at a retail store in order to pay rent and get the bills paid. Running around for hours to work in a store takes grit; being underemployed takes gut; learning from experience and applying it to one’s life creates character. And one day, we grow. That in my belief is â€Å"the Dream.† For too many versions of â€Å"the Dream† equate prosperity to happiness, happiness I feel is not so simple. This makes it seem that the American Dream may always remain tantalizingly out of reach for some Americans, making the dream more like a cruel joke rather than a genuine dream. Perhaps, what our generation needs is toShow MoreRelatedThe American Dream Essay1480 Words   |  6 PagesThe American Dream is a concept that has circulated around the world and has caused people from other countries, and those who live in America, to come to our nation and take advantage of the opportunities in place to better their lives. The definition of the American Dream, provided by James Truslow Adams in his book The Epic of America (1931), is â€Å"a land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement†¦It is not a dreamRead MoreAn Analysis Of Louise Erdrich s The Red Convertible 840 Words   |  4 Pageshad, less some ch ange for gas to get home, to buy the car. The car s significance was the bond that it created between the brothers. The purchase of the vehicle brought these two together with a common interest: the car. Once the bond was formed, the brothers became inseparable, at least for a while. The boys spent the whole summer in the car. They explored new places; met new people and furthered the bond that the car had created. When they returned from their trip, Henry was sent to war. He leftRead MoreAnalysis Of Father And Son In Arthur Millers Death Of A Salesman808 Words   |  4 PagesFather and son, a cherished bond built on a balance between communication and vital support. In Arthur Miller’s classic playwright, Death of a Salesman, the establishment of said relationships, or in some cases lack of said relationship, is seen throughout the theatrical work. Miller’s vivid use of flashbacks helps exemplify his true intent in writing such a hauntingly realistic story of internal loss of self identity and worth reflected in family relations.Although many do not realize these happeningsRead More Racism Exposed in Fences, by August Wilson Essay1299 Words   |  6 Pages August Wilson’s play Fences brings an introspective view of the world and of Troy Maxson’s family and friends. The title Fences displays many revelations on what the meaning and significance of the impending building of the fence in the Maxson yard represents. Wilson shows how the family and friends of Troy survive in a day to day scenario through good times and bad. Wilson utilizes his main characters as the interpreters of Fences, both literally and figuratively. Racism, confinement, andRead MoreThe Ford Mustang And The Corvette1553 Words   |  7 Pagespast sixty years, the American car scene has been dominated by two completely different vehicles and the entire communities that believe in them. Both designed, founded, and rooted in Detroit, Michigan, the Ford Mustang and the Corvette have continued to fuel the chase for the label of America’s true muscle car. The question over the years has been, why and how do consumers choose which to own, and which one is our â€Å"bald eagle†? Investigating deeper into the roots of each American superpower, it allRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald1548 Words   |  7 PagesFitzgerald’s novel, â€Å"The Great Gatsby†, is one of the few novels he wrote in 1925. The novel takes place during the 1920’s following the 1st World War. It is written about a young man named Nick, from the east he moved to the west to learn about the bond business. He ends up moving next to a mysterious man named Gatsby who ends up giving him the lesion of his life. After love circles with Gatsby and his cousin Daisy, lastly Jordan and gossip resulting with killings end up discussed over his experienceRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald1549 Words   |  7 PagesFitzgerald’s novel, â€Å"The Great Gatsby†, is one of the few novels he wrote in 1925. The novel takes place during the 1920’s following the 1st World War. It is written about a young man named Nick, from the east he moved to the west to learn about the bond business. He ends up moving next to a mysterious man named Gatsby who ends up giving him the lesion of his life. After love circles with Gatsby and his cousin Daisy, lastly Jordan and gossip resulting with killings end up discussed over his experienceRead MoreF. Scott Fitzgerald s The Great Gatsby1553 Words   |  7 PagesF. Scott Fitzgerald uses Nick in The Great Gatsby to develop a new view of the American dream by exploring the illusion of unending pleasure that it seems to provide. At first glance the American dream promised success and wealth that was almost limitless. An era characterized by extravagant parties and displays of wealth was built on an illusion that it would continue without end. Soon, people lost track of the work that got them there and began to be concerned more about the display of wealth thanRead MoreGatsbys American Dream Essay1724 Words   |  7 Pagesgoal, winning Daisys love back through power and money. In contrast to every main character, Gatsby has clear and well thought out dreams. Gatsby’s American dream, his desire to be wealthy and win Daisy back, is desperately ruined by Daisy. Gatsby’s goal that he tries to obtain by committing crimes not only deserves not to be achieved but also is worse than having no dream. Nick meets Gatsby in East Egg, a place where the rich that earned their money in a short period time but do not have enough ofRead MoreThe Death Of A Salesman By F. Scott Fitzgerald Essay1100 Words   |  5 Pagesthe 1st World War. It is written about a young man named Nick, he moved to west egg to take a new life occupation on the bond business. He ends up being neighbors with a mysterious man named Gatsby who ends up giving him an interesting aspect of his life. Similar to Biff in the Death Of a Salesman by Arthur Miller. The Death of a Salesman is a well composed play about a family in the struggles financially and a old man getting odd illusions remembering the good and the bad of the past. Biff is a

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Deviant Society Behavior Free Essays

The world of humans is oftentimes unpredictable, changing and wondrously exciting. However, when these attributes become extremely bizarre and painfully detrimental, humans become sick and worried about to what extent can other humans afford to inflict harm against them. Suicide bombing is, if not the most, one of the most gruesome acts anybody can commit. We will write a custom essay sample on Deviant Society Behavior or any similar topic only for you Order Now It is outright crazy and stupid. One must be beside the normal to be entertaining such a thought in mind. Ironically, fanatics who have committed and attempted suicide bombings in the past, were deemed normal until the day when the execution of their ultimate plans were made public whether foiled or completed. People who are afflicted with mental disorder may, as other people, travel for the same reasons – vacation, visiting friends or relatives, business, recreation, and sometimes for religious or spiritual focus (Miller Zarcone, 1968). Others indeed may travel for reasons other than the normal – for reasons triggered by malformed mental state such as the men who carried out the 911 attack of the Twin Towers in New York. Along the 911 attack, suicide bombing through aircraft came to prominence resulting in the stirring of the awareness among the international public of the fact that the regular traveler might not be that â€Å"regular† anyway. It is probable that some of them are driven by excessive anger or motivated by utopic hope as taught in the communities wherein they have pledged their life allegiance (Silke, 2003). In a recent turn of events in Pakistan, upon the return of former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto to her home country, 124 were killed and 320 plus got injured as a result of another suicide bombing. The bomber threw grenades among crowds of people and afterwards blasted himself to death (CNN update, Oct. 18, 2007). It’s difficult to think of sensible reasons why a sane person (if that person was ever considered sane by his colleagues) has committed such an act in the first place. To spend and expend one’s self for a noble cause is commendable only if they benefit people outside one’s own community. It’s never an ideal to advance a religion’s cause at the expense of the lives of other people. A suicide bomber is demented in that even in the logic of religion, all religions presupposed a benevolent god who is both powerful and loving. There must be distortions somewhere within the suicide bomber’s mind to have associated the act of delivering a bomb and acts of piety. Understanding mental health: Factors that contribute to a Suicide Bomber’s Behavior The majority of theories and models of human behavior fall into one of two basic categories: internal perspective and external perspective. The internal perspective considers the factors inside the person to understand behavior. People who subscribe to this view understand behavior as psychodynamically oriented. Behavior is explained in terms of the thoughts, feelings, past experiences and needs of the individual. The internal processes of thinking, feeling, perceiving and judging lead people to act in specific ways. This internal perspective implies that people are best understood from the inside and that people’s behavior is best interpreted after understanding their thoughts and feelings (Jourad, 1963). The other category of theories takes an external perspective. This focuses on factors outside the person to understand behavior. External events, consequences of behavior, environmental forces to which a person is subject, are emphasized by this external perspective. A person’s history, value system, feelings and thoughts are not very important in interpreting actions and behavior. Kurt Lewin for instance considered both perspectives in saying that behavior is a function of both the person and the environment (Tiffin, McCormick, 1958). Man is a social being and as such his personality is viewed from the society and culture where he belongs. A society represents a geographical aggregate and has boundaries, similar government or a group of persons in meaningful interaction and engaged in social relationship. Personality is the individualizing traits of man which constitute his singularity and differentiate him from any other human being. The three determinants of personality: 1] biological heritage which has direct influence on the development of personality. This includes musculature, the nervous system, and the glands; 2] E. Q. factor describes qualities like understanding one’s feelings, empathy for the feelings of others, and the â€Å"regulation of emotion in a way that enhances living (Gibbs, 1995);† 3] environmental factors. Taking everything normal, environment plays an important role in personality development. Environmental factors are cultural environment, social environment, home and family, culture, status and role and social agent. Many of men’s pronounced stirred-up state of mind such as fear, anger, disgust, and contempt, have posed the question, why? What has caused such a reaction? What has brought a change to his/her behavior? What is the frustration that has brought about such behavior? In the world of a suicide bomber, he/she contemplates on various input or stimuli from the world he/she evolves in. There are frustrations of every form and even without these, his/her psyche or mental state functions on the basis of anything he/she receives (actively or passively) from the milieu. Life’s problems are numerous and as long as one is alive and kicking he will always be faced with problems, be they big or small. Such problems stir-up one’s emotions or feelings which maybe pleasant or unpleasant. Physiological problems, environmental problems, personal deficiencies and psychological concerns bring on a variety of responses; some predictable, others are not. Disorganization of family life, disintegration of personality brought about by depression, great personal suffering, any of these may take any person beyond the limits of his tolerance. Man is born in a social environment surrounded by cultural norms and values. He is faced with cultural taboos and acceptable social behavior. Numerous environmental factors come to the fore which may or may not be easily overcome. One of the most difficult problems in this area is one’s cultural dos and don’t s. Environmental frustrations cannot be avoided, for there are always certain factors in a person’s growth and achievement. Psychological or internal problems are the most difficult to resolve as they are within the inner feelings of a person. One may not be able to detect his/her concerns/anxieties through his /her overt behavior. It may only be inferred from what his/her inner thoughts and feelings are but will not know what caused such a feeling. Psychological concerns of various forms represent a more serious threat to the personality of the individual than do environmental pressures. If severe enough, they may create considerable emotional tension with accompanying behavior disorders. Reacting to pressures and other concerns such as frustration varies from person to person because of their personality differences. These reactions maybe defensive, neurotic or psychotic. Most people are sympathetic to people who develop physical ailments, but regard an individual with mental disorder as â€Å"crazy. † At this juncture, does a suicide bomber then be considered a person with a mental disorder or deemed as â€Å"crazy? † definitions of mental health vary considerably. Freud when asked what he thought a normal, healthy person should do well replied â€Å"love and work. † Karl Menninger’s (1956) definition is quite similar to Freud’s. He states: â€Å"Let us define mental health as the adjustment of human beings to the world and each other with a maximum of effectiveness and happiness. Not just efficiency, or just contentment, or the grace of obeying the rules of the game cheerfully. It is all together. It is the ability to maintain an even temper and happy disposition. This, I think, is a healthy mind. † When we therefore, try to define mental health, we have in mind the adjustment process which an individual brings into force when he is faced with a problem situation. Adjustment is defined as an individual’s manner of reacting or responding adequately to a perceived problem. From the standpoint of mental health, adjustment refers to a happy and socially acceptable response to life’s situations. Mental health therefore, is the ability of the individual to function effectively and happily as a person in one’s expected role in a group and in the society in general. It is a condition of the whole personality and is not merely a condition of the â€Å"mind† as is often supposed. It is an out-growth of one’s total life and is promoted or hindered by day-to-day experience, not only by major crises as some assume (McCllelland et al, 1973). Mental health is the capacity to live harmoniously in a changing environment; to face and solve one’s problems in a realistic manner; to accept the inevitable, and to understand and accept one’s own shortcomings as well as the shortcomings of others. In this sense, people who develop and encourage Jihad or any â€Å"terroristic† ideas and brainwash others to do the same, are seen people who do have unrealistic way of looking at life and their experiences. They are commonly classified as people having delusions of grandeur among others. This term refers to people who experience a bloated sense of importance or missions and oftentimes associated with corresponding persecution complexes (Jourad, 1963). They therefore harbor also a sense of anxiety that some people are out there to cut off their goals and obstruct their missions. Their resolve to deliver their target aims is even stronger the reason for their methodical and systematic way of doing things. Since they cannot accept that they must co-exist with people whose beliefs radically differ from theirs, they accept the notion that annihilation is a solution and dying a martyr’s death to ensure this goal is the ultimate sacrifice. This kind of mindset comes only from a frame of thinking that has been exposed only to a few options; in fact, only very narrow options. That option is the radical Islamic alternative and nothing else. When living in this world, co-existence is not just something that is talked about inside the halls of the academe: co-existence signifies a mindset that is healthy as well and free from disorders. Mental health is a matter of degree. There is no hard and fast line that separates health from illness. It is not a simple matter to divide the population into two distinct groups-those who should be institutionalized and those who should not be. Many of us at one time or another exhibit traits and pattern of behavior which if, accentuated and continuous, would necessitate psychiatric care (Jourad, 1963). Though radical a thought this may seem, and naturally sounds unrealistic, the ideal place is to set monitoring and evaluation of mental hygiene at some point in time. How to do this is going to be a big issue, expectedly. However, terrorism and the likes of suicide bombing can probably be controlled in some ironic way: by referring to them as idiosyncratic, delusional or even possessing mental disorders. Another way of classifying them is through the Diagnostic Statistical Manual IV (DSM) classification system; these people are versions of psychopaths or psychotics; because the symptoms are there and they cannot function normally among any general population. Conclusions The difficult but frequently asked question is that â€Å"Will suicide bombers be able to wreak havoc again as they did in 911 in New York? † The possibilities are largely and unsurprisingly high that it might happen again. People are people: as indicated in the opening statement, we are unpredictable, inundated with problems and those extremists have come to the point in their lives that their choices of so-called â€Å"martyrdom† that they do for religion and their god is close to pleasurable, fulfilling and the dream of their lifetimes. What can probably compel them against that? What can possibly move them away from doing what seemed to be â€Å"heroic acts?† What is being done in the United States today like tightening security and vigilance that other countries had been doing (e. g. , Israel) and for which others are also implementing (i. e. , United Kingdom/England), is by far the best that they can do. But that is as far as any human or groups of individuals are also capable of doing. The bottom line is that when a certain person intends to kill or murder, it is just time that they are running against with. Somewhere, some how, some people will be able to make themselves explode and duplicate 911. How to cite Deviant Society Behavior, Papers

Monday, April 27, 2020

Micro Economics Short Run Versus Long Run free essay sample

This paper will discuss the short run competitive equilibrium versus the long run competitive equilibrium and the differences between the short run and long run shut down decision of a firm. 2. Short run versus long run competitive equilibrium in an economy with production Theory Market equilibrium exists when the total amount the firms wish to supply is equal to the total amount the consumers wish to demand. In a diagram, the equilibrium price is the price at which the demand and supply curves cross. The long and the short run do not refer to a specific period of time such as three months or five years. The difference between the two is the flexibility decision makers have. Economics of Parkin and Bades gives an excellent distinction between them: The short run is a period of time in which the quantity of at least one input is fixed and the quantities of the other inputs can be varied. We will write a custom essay sample on Micro Economics Short Run Versus Long Run or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The long run is a period of time in which the quantities of all inputs can be varied. 2. 2Short run supply curve A perfectly competitive firms supply curve is that portion of its marginal cost curve that lies above the minimum of the average variable cost curve. A perfectly competitive firm maximizes its profits by choosing to supply the level of output where its marginal revenue equals its marginal cost. When marginal revenue exceeds marginal cost, the firm can earn greater profits by increasing its output. When marginal revenue is below marginal cost, the firm is losing money, and consequently, it must reduce its output. Profits are therefore maximized when the firm chooses the level of output where its marginal revenue equals its marginal cost. 2. 3Long run supply curve The long-run supply curve is determined by the long-run competitive equilibrium. The optimal level of output is the point where price equals the minimum of average costs of production and where price equals marginal cost. At the point known as the long-run competitive equilibrium, each firm’s profits are exactly enough to cover the average costs of production and economic profits are zero. Below is a graphic representation of this relationship. As is shown in above graph, the long-run competitive equilibrium (Pe) is where price equals the minimum average costs (AC) and where price equals marginal cost (MC). 3. Short run shut down decision versus long run shut down decision When the firms average total cost curve lies above its marginal revenue curve at the profit maximizing level of output, the firm is experiencing losses and will have to consider whether to shut down its operations. The firm must pay its fixed costs, considered sunk costs, regardless of whether it produces any output. If the firms average variable costs are less than its marginal revenue at the profit maximizing level of output, the firm will not shut down in the short-run. The firm is better off continuing its operations because it can cover its variable costs and use any remaining revenues to pay off some of its fixed costs. In the long-run, a firm that is incurring losses will have to either shut down or reduce its fixed costs by changing its fixed factors of production in a manner that makes the firms operations profitable. The firms short run shut down decision 4. Real life application American Italian Pasta Company is a Delaware corporation and commenced its operations in 1988.. Richard C. Thompson, the founder from the start, decided to focus on producing premium-grade pasta and avoid competing against low-priced, mass-produced brands manufactured by such industry giants as Hershey Foods and Borden. Thompsons strategy hinged on something that would make his company a rarity among U. S. pasta producers. Most manufacturers purchased their pasta flour from commercial mills, rather than producing it on their own, but from the start Thompson preached vertical integration, striving to realize the financial benefits of owning his own flour-making facility and the greater control over quality such ownership would give him. He decided to build his production plant in Excelsior Springs, Missouri, selecting the location because of the presence of pure spring water and, more important, because of Excelsior Springs proximity to rail lines accessing North Dakota durum. The $50 million, state-of-the-art facility began production in 1988, officially making Thompsons AIPC a participant in the growing pasta industry. By 2004 the company was the largest producer of dry pasta in North America, with revenues of $417. 4 million. With more than 220 dry pasta shapes vertically-integrated facilities, continued technological improvements and development of a highly-skilled workforce they produce high-quality pasta at costs below those of many of the competitors. The demand for pasta, prompted AIPC to increase its production, order more raw materials a variable input. The same applies to labor, but the plants and the equipment on the other hand, would be the fixed input. The short run is the period in which production is increased by adding more raw materials and more labor. In the short run we cannot add another factory, but in the long run all of our inputs are variable, including our factory space. The increase in demand for pasta will have different implications in the short run and the long run at the industry level. In the short run each of the firms will increase their labor supply and raw materials to meet the added demand for pasta. At first only existing firms will be likely to capitalize on the increased demand as they will be the only ones who will have access to the four inputs needed to make the pasta. However in the long run the factor input is variable as well.